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Abstract

Long haul destinations face several challenges. Air travel is seen as environmentally damaging, leading some to hesitate to use it, and others to call for reduced reliance on air travel, induced by government policies such as taxes and restrictions. These will impact negatively on destinations such as Australia and New Zealand. In addition, governments are moving towards implementing climate change policies to reduce Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions which will make long haul travel more expensive, thus rendering distant destinations less attractive to tourists. A challenge for both researchers and stakeholders is to estimate the costs that the different policy options will add to a trip, and what impact this will have on tourism visits and expenditure. Another challenge is to determine how these costs can be minimised- what policies to reduce GHG emissions are least damaging to the long haul travel sector?

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